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Hovd. Kobdo. A city in Western Mongolia


The city of Kobdo (Dund-Us; Mong. Hovd) is the oldest in Mongolia. It is the administrative, economic and cultural center Kriskova (Hovd) aimag. Located at a height of m, in the valley of Delhi, from Ulan Bator cm. Since 1992 also called somone the aimag capital. The population of 34.1 thousand Has a Pedagogical Institute, power plant, wood processing plant, print shop, depot, theater, school, hospital, hospitality, airport.

Hovd /Corio/ is a city centre Kobostovo aimag was founded in the 18th century.

The history of the city of Kobdo dates back to 1685 g where Junggar Galdan blogto the Khan in order to counter the aggression of the Manchus founded their bet. The city arose on the site of the fortress, founded in 1731 (survived in ruins). Consisted of Sangin hot (“Stone town”) and trading settlement, where the construction of a modern city.

From ancient times to the peculiarities of mentality of the inhabitants Kobostovo aimag are determination, hard work, heroism. So, in the Khovd province is home to veterans of the battle of Khalkhin Gol (1939), the war for the liberation (1945), the uprising of the Western border (years 1940-1948). Of these, 23 hero of labor, 6 National heroes of Mongolia, 12 people have the Award, 3 distinguished teachers of Mongolia, 4 honored doctors of Mongolia and 51 honored figures of culture, arts, sports, distinguished lawyers, economists, transport workers, irrigators, machine operators, miners, geologists, builders, and pilots.

The largest of these rivers is Khovd, the length of which is 516 km, width from 80 to 140 m, depth 1.5 to 3 m. the river carries its water in a quiet lake Heraus-Nur.

The city is Kobaski State University. 90 % of teachers Kobostovo State University have academic degrees of candidate and doctor of Sciences, master. 48.7 per cent of secondary school teachers have professional category and 1.2 % have a master’s degree. In the Department of education and culture, 16 are Methodists, and when the division operates distance learning centre, a training centre for kindergarten teachers and counseling center for University students.

In Corio there are more than 300 industrial enterprises and economic organizations, pedagogical Institute, agricultural College, agricultural research Institute, geological survey expedition, Central library, Museum of local lore.

The city is actively developing medicine and health care. In 2001, he founded the medical-diagnostic center of the Western region.

Important for the development of the tourism potential of the region, has an airport in the city of Kobdo.


The Museum of Khovd province is known for its collections of Buddhist and pre-Mongol era. Keep clothes, manuscripts, statues and sacred relics. The Museum perfectly illustrates historical milestones in the development of the region and the entire country.

Sangin Haram (Sangiin Kherem (Manchu fortress)) . Sangin Haram (literally from the Mongolian Treasury fortress) — Manchu ruins of a 13th century fortress in the Northern part of Kobdo.

The temple Ball Some (Yellow temple, Amateurliga hiyd (Mong)) was built outside of Khovd in the 1770s but was completely destroyed during 1937. The monastery was recently gurasoaren into the centre of the city but it’s not all that active.

The monastic complex of Handapanagala ( “Gandan Puzak Coiling”, Goldsource). surrounded by 108 Buddhist stupas. Opened in August 2010.

Near the town is the famous nature reserve, national Park, Khara-Us-Nuur (Khar-Us Nuur) or har-Us Nuur in the territory of which is occupied by the famous lakes: the Khar-Nuur (Khar Nuur), Khara-Us-Nur and Durgen-Nur (Dörgön Nuur). These lakes, in addition to their ecological purity, famous for numerous birds. Birds fly here for the winter from all over Asia.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia