Crater lake – one of the greatest creations of the sorceress nature. Most of them were formed millennia ago from rain and glacial water in natural reservoirs, formed due to volcanic eruptions. Landscape these ponds provide fantastic, therefore, it constantly attracts numerous tourists. One of such natural attractions of our planet is a beautiful crater Lake (The Crater Lake) – that is, literally, “Crater lake”, which is located in the U.S. state of Oregon.
This reservoir has an ancient history – he appeared more than 7700 years ago, after the last eruption of the mazama volcano (Mount Mazama). Over time, they formed on the site of the eruption, the Caldera is a huge depression with almost straight vertical walls and the bottom deep was filled with water and formed lake, leaving on the surface only a few small objects of volcanic origin. One – Hex island (Wizard Island), and today dominates the clear waters of the lake. All the beauty of natural attractions just a professional photographer .
Crater lake is located at an altitude of about 2400 m above sea level and has a fairly large dimensions: 8 by 9.6 km Maximum distance from the surface to the bottom of this reservoir reaches 594 m, making it the eighth place in depth world and second in North America.
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Dangerous the lake is at the top of the volcano Small Semyachik. Namely, in the crater of the name of the Trinity. It attracts tourists with its amazing color — with height of bird’s flight in Sunny weather, overlooking the bright turquoise lake surrounded by black earth. This color give the lake the smallest particles of sulfur that are released into the water from the volcano. If you look at the lake from the surface of the earth, it is impossible to believe that it looks turquoise on top. From some angles the pond seems to be just muddy. The diameter of the lake is small — only 500-600 meters.
The Semyachik volcano is considered to be valid, some scientists believe that this lake was formed as a result of one of the eruptions. The water temperature here is around 30-40 degrees, but the lake gradually cools down. In some winters the surface is fully covered with ice and snow.
In the crater of the Trinity on the shore there is a small black beach, but swimming there is deadly: dissolved in water acid eat through even metal. Prolonged exposure near a lake without a mask can also harm the health. However, tourists are regularly organized not only helicopter tours over the volcano, but Hiking tours on the lake — and even with the descent into the crater to the shore.
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When it comes to lake Baikal, the scientists unwittingly transferred into language of the highest degrees: the deepest lake in the world (1642 m), the world’s largest supply of free fresh water (23 600 cubic kilometers), 5 times exceeds the volume of the five Great American lakes combined. Moreover, the purity and the content of dissolved salts, this water is approaching distilled. Visibility in the Baikal can reach depths of 40-45 meters – as in clear tropical seas. The area, however, the lake occupies only 6th place in the world, but it can be compared with the territory of Belgium or the Netherlands. And when you consider the unique flora and fauna, rich history and picturesque landscapes, it becomes clear that the area needs to attract tourists, including divers and fishermen.
It was developed in the fishing and shipbuilding, but in the 1990s, companies were closed. But for one and a half decades, tourism has undergone all the stages of development and reached the level of modern industry. On the way to the lake you can find many fishing shops – if you forgot to take the bait or fishing line fluorocarbon, without which there will be not enough. Here you can find and pick the perfect one for yourself.
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